7 Principles of Knife Combat

The following article is based on the principles and techniques taught in the Knife Defense videos. It is intended to give a brief overview of the central tenet of knife combat for the experienced martial artist. This article is for educational purposes only.

Many years have passed since my last mission as a special agent in the military. Looking back, I find something valuable from what I learned in the training Academy. My combat instructor T. Kim used to scream at us during the grueling knife-fighting training sessions, “Once engaging, do not run away from your opponent, get closer to him! Dissolve the knife in your head!”

In the midst of chaotic situations where knives, clubs, metal pipes, rocks flying around, our unit members who tried to run away from the attackers got seriously injured. Those who chose to stay closer and fight, by following T. Kim’s instruction, survived.

Knife1 Junsado Sang H Kim

The cardinal rule of combat, whether against a knife or an empty-handed adversary is “Once engaging, stay tactically close to your opponent!” Especially when your opponent is armed with a knife, there is often no way out but to stay close and fight. The keys for surviving in close quarters combat against a knife are:

First, read the intent of your enemy. In combat, the enemy has only one motive, to eliminate you and obtain his objective. This often made the first assessment for me simple – there was not option to escape or placate my attackers. In civilian life, however, you must read your attacker’s intentions. Assess what he wants from you: your money, your car, your pride, your honor, your life – assailants have many motives for attacking their victims. If you can buy your way out of a situation, whether through material possessions or your wits, this is your best option. Do not hesitate to give the attacker if he wants if it means he will spare you injury. Continue reading

Ssang Bong: Double Stick Fundamentals

Ssang Bong literally means double (ssang) stick (bong). There is a time and a situation for use of two weapons, particularly when encountering multiple opponents. You can also practice the double sticks against a solo opponent striking multiple targets simultaneously. You should not favor either of the sticks since, if you do, you will be distracted by your own thoughts of two weapons. Treat them like one set of weapons working together as the two wheels of a cart carry a wagon. Offense and defense should seamlessly flow into another offense and defense.

Ssangbong3 Junsado Sang H Kim

BASICS:

The primary stick should be held firmly in your dominant hand; the secondary stick in the other hand. In a non-combat situation, hold both sticks in your non-dominant hand in a natural stance. There are less than dozen different postures for situations arising: ready posture, middle offense posture, middle guard posture, low defense posture, high defense posture, high low posture, high side posture, side open posture (high-side), frontal open posture (high-low), combat posture (normal fighting position).

DEFENSE:

For defense, the primary hand moves for high, low, inside, and outside blocks; the secondary hand supports the primary hand by executing inside, outside (reverse), and chop blocks. When the primary weapon creates an opening the secondary penetrates further, and then the primary completes the destruction.

OFFENSE:

Offensive techniques include strike, thrust (straight and reverse), inside cut and outside cut. Targets are the head, eyes, temple, ear, nose, neck, wrist, arm, torso, and legs. Continue reading

Jang Bong: Long Stick Fundamentals

The Jang Bong is a long stick, approximately 60 inches in length (practically your height length). It can be used to defend against an empty handed or armed attacker with ease from medium and long distance.

FUNDAMENTALS:

Jang Bong fundamentals include two basic grips (for long and close range fighting), stances, 10 basic blocks, and basic offensive movements including straight striking, circular striking, hooking, thrusting, scooping and controlling techniques, and 8 Circular Drills as well as proper warm-up, knowledge of targets.

FORMS:

There are 8 Jang Bong Forms in Junsado: Jang Bong Il Hyung, Jang Bong Ee Hyung, Jang Bong Sam Hyung, Form of Change, Form of Circle, Form of Iron, Form of Mind, Form of Void.

jangbong fundamentalCHARACTERISTICS OF FORMS:

The foremost element of each form is effectiveness in handling the weapon. Techniques utilized in the forms include thrusting, striking, blocking, scooping, side turn and spinning movements, combined with simple techniques for offensive and defensive tactics. Each form has a unique emphasis such as centering, leverage, adaptation, versatility, and coordination of the body and weapon.

CENTERING:

Good centering means good control of the weapon and proper distribution of power. Powerful impact comes from smooth transitions and precise aim. Continue reading

Developing Speed for Martial Arts Training

This article is an excerpt from the book Ultimate Fitness through Martial Arts

To develop overall speed, there are several sequential steps in training:

  1. Basic conditioning
  2. Explosive power development
  3. Skill refinement
  4. Skill loading
  5. Full speed training

Basic condition, including flexibility, strength and agility training, is a prerequisite for speed training. The completion of basic conditioning is signaled by a level of fitness that allows the athlete to begin the more intensive exercises that develop explosive power. Exercises for developing explosive power are detailed in “Chapter 2: Power” and the execution speed section of this chapter. Once the target muscles start to develop, begin working on skill refinement. Each skill should be examined to eliminate unnecessary movements and increase biomechanical efficiency.

speed

With highly refined movements and strong muscles, you can begin adding speed to each movement. Start skill loading gradually and observe your body’s reaction. If you can add speed and still maintain semi-refined movements, continue to increase your intensity. Eventually you will reach the final stage of speed training in which you can execute skillful movements at high speed.

Now let’s examine the four types of speed individually. Continue reading

Junsado Fundamentals

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Five Stages of Movement

Every movement in Junsado goes through five different stages in a simple flow :

1. Preparation
2. Execution
3. Impact
4. Follow through
5. Finish & Repose.

Your stance, footwork, mobility, hand skills, kicking skills, and joint immobilization skills are critical for combat preparation. (For details, refer to the book Combat Strategy – Junsado: The Way of The Warrior.)

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Junsado Basics

1. Stance is divided into two fundamental types: full stance and half stance.

2. Hand skills areclassified in two types: open and closed.

3. Elbow techniques are linear and circular.

4. Take-down techniques are static and dynamic.

5. Joint locks are standing immobilization and ground pinion.

6. Footwork is classified in two ways: offensive and defensive.

Junsado Concepts

Simplicity is a Blend of Complexity

30bannerTo gain victory, it is essential to understand the nature of the conflicting forces. Forces either attract or repel each other. When you are able to grab and let go of the force, you may attain the unity of your action that can blend all happenings into one great flow without losing your perspective on the ultimate victory. This is the way of combat expert.

Combat is conflict between opposing forces. Opposition, resistance, competition, and discord are the nature of conflict. Once they take over your action, you will be opposed, resisted and in discord. The emotional reaction should be replaced by total concentration and dedication to a single reality at hand.

Junsado Principles

Junsado is the way of combat expert. Junsado techniques are grounded in the principles of change: changes in you, changes in your opponent and changes in the environment are all considered in Junsado strategy. It is a living art that evolves and adapts to the individual fighter and environment. Junsado is the system of no system that is necessary to meet the challenges of combat.

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Junsado Fundamentals
Junsado Strategy

No system includes every way: freethinking and bound by no limit. Once being bound by styles, one thinks in narrow ways missing the true way. Favoring one system is as dangerous as not knowing any system at all. One must not favor any style, weapon, nature of self, but be free to think and walk the way of no way. Ultimately you should not be a molded product but be the handler of you that is only guided by your will that is free from the rules of this and that. That is what Junsado stands for.